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CONSONANTS
There are about 56 consonants in the Hmong Language.

  C    CH   D*   DH DL**   F     H     HL   HM* HML*
HN HNY   K   KH   L     M     ML     N     NC NCH
NK NKH NP NPH NPL NPLH NQ NQH NR NRH
NT   NTH NTS NTSH NTX NTXH NY     P   PH PL
PLH   Q   QH   R   RH   S     T   TH TS TSH
TX TXH    V       X    XY    Y       Z      NDL**      
* Hmong Der Used Only Consonants
** Mong Leng Used Only Consonants
Suggestion to Learning These Consonants.
The first step is to learn all the single consonants by making sure you know how to pronounce them correctly. This is no different than learning the English language. In other words, before you can pronounce words like THailand, DRiveway, SHoe, you have to learn the single consonants such as "T, D, and S" before diving into "TH, DR, and SH."

Below are the single consonants.
C D F H K L M N P Q R S T V X Y Z
The next step is to learn the dual consonants. The rule here is to always separete the "H" from others whether it is in the front or at the end. If the "H" is in front, then the correct way to pronounce is to breath out air through the nose before sounding out the following consonant. Let's take a look at the word "Hmong" and see if we can pronounce it. First, we recognize the "H" in front of the "M" so we close our mouth tightly. Next we are going to breath out the "H" through the nose, loud enough so you can hear yourself such as during heavy breathing, and then say the word "mong." At first, it might sound like, "Hew + Mong", but if you keep practicing and saying it as quickly as you can, you will become a real Hmong.

Now you may wonder what is the difference between consonants what have the "H" in front and consonants that have the "H" after. Good question, little grasshopper :) Since we already covered the word "Hmong", let us talk about consonants having the "H" after. Let's look at the word "Dhia" and see if we can pronounce it. First, we recognize that the "D" is before the "H" so that means we are going to sound out the "D" just like the English pronunciation, i.e., dee. Now just puff the word "hia" and you have the word "Dhia." In other words, consonants that have the "h" in front is called the nasal consonants, and consonants that have "h" after is called the puff, like "th in Thomas" consonants.
C + H = CH D + H = DH D + L = DL H + L = HL H + M = HM
H + N = HN K + H = KH M + L = ML N + C = NC N + K = NK
N + P = NP N + Q = NQ N + R = NR N + T = NT N + Y = NY
P + H = PH P + L = PL Q + H = QH R + H = RH T + H = TH
T + S = TS T + X = TX X + Y = XY  
The next step is to learn the triple consonants. Notice how I separated the consonants, and there is a good phonetical reason for that. If you click on each of the consonants and repeat after it; slowly, you will hear the similarity or cohesiveness of sounds in them. At first, they might not sound too correct, but once you convince yourself to like them, they, too, will stick with you forever.
H + ML = HML H + NY = HNY NC + H = NCH NK + H = NKH NP + H = NPH
NP + L = NPL NQ + H = NQH NR + H = NRH NT + H = NTH N + TS = NTS
N + TX = NTX PL + H = PLH TS + H = TSH TX + H = TXH  
The last step is the quadruple consonants, these consonants are nothing more than adding the aspiration (puff of air through the mouth) at the end of the triple consonants.
NPL + H = NPLH NTS + H = NTSH NTX + H = NTXH

Of course, to speed your reading, you will need to recognize each word just like English words school, philosophy, train, straight, thread, history, constitution, and construction etc... However, the good thing in the Hmong language is that there are no words that have the same spelling but pronounce differently like the English word READ (REED) and READ (RED), past tense of read (reed) or words like toe (toh) and shoe (shoo).

 

koJ muS kuV niaM neeG siaB zoo toD
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